Part of speech is the type of words which is used to compose a sentence into a coherent sentence and gives the appropriate meaning. Basically, this part of speech consists of several parts that will be quite complicated to understand in detail each part. But a question arises, is it a must to understand every part of this part of speech ? and how important is it to know? This article is made to make you understand it easily and simply.
Theoretically, understanding the parts of speech in English grammar is very important because they have an important role to form a sentence so that it is coherent and in accordance with the grammar of the sentence. So, back to grammar again, right? if you are still having trouble in learning grammar, go for it the alternative is to learn part of speech. There will be a long explanation of understanding and examples of parts of speech and their components. After reading this article, please choose for yourself which method of learning English is best for you.
Noun is a word used to describe people, things, places, including something abstract ones. All types of words that refer to objects are categorized as nouns. Here are the categories of nouns:
- Countable noun (Something you can count, followed by are / +s/es/ies)
Example : Cars, books, phones, girls, people, buildings, handphones, movies, etc
- Uncountable noun (Something you can’t count, followed by is and has units)
Example : Sugar, food, money, water, oil, sand, cement, pepper, flour, vapour, etc
- Common noun (General things)
Example : Country, vegetables, animals, vehicles, occupations, flowers, etc
- Proper noun (Specific things)
Example : Indonesia, carrot, cat, airplane, carpenter, carnation, etc
- Abstract noun (Express an idea, concept, feeling, state, trait, or character)
Example : Imagination, idea, feeling, air, gas, sound, light, etc
- Concrete noun (Form of material or tangible)
Example : Table, stone, house, ground, wood, jar, etc
- Collective noun (Group of things)
Example : Furniture, instruments, class, gank, band, etc
Used to replace a noun and is useful to avoid the repetition of using a noun. Here are the categories of pronouns:
- Personal pronoun : I, you, we, they, she, he, it, etc
- Demonstratives pronoun : This, these, that, those
- Interrogative pronoun : What, where, when, why, who, whose, which, whom, how,etc
- Relative pronoun : who, whom, which, whose, that, etc
- Reflexive and intensive pronoun : myself, yourself, themselves, ourselves, herself, himself, itself.
- Reciprocal pronoun : each, else, another, the other, one another , etc
Verbs are used to show the action of the subject, indicate events, or circumstances. Here are the categories of verbs:
- Regular verb (+d/ed/ied) : cooked, watched, walked, played, washed, baked, cried, denied, etc
- Irregular verb : Ate, drank, swam, slept, bought, said, went, did, etc
- Action verb : Jump, run, dance, grow, move, take, bring, work, eat, drink, etc
- Stative verb : Adore, deserve, forgive, miss, hate, wait, impresse, sound, look, etc
- Linking verb : Act, be, look, seem, taste, sound, like, etc
- Causative verb : Get, have, let, make, help, etc
Used to explain verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. The various parts of speech include:
- Adverb of time : now, recently, early, tonight, yesterday, tomorrow, next week, etc
- Adverb of manner : Slowly, carefully, directly, quickly, etc
- Adverb of degree : Quite, totally, enough, too, every, so, etc
- Adverb of modality : Perhaps, possibly, unlikely, maybe, likely, etc
- Adverb of frequency : Always, barely, daily, often, never, seldom, rare, sometimes, etc
- Adverb of place : Behind, beside, next to, around, somewhere, nearby, away, on, under, etc
- Adverb of focus : Also, even, just, mainly, only, etc
Used to describe the noun.
Example : Strong, weak, diligent, lazy, smart, georgeous, brilliant, humble, easy going, Spiteful, selfish, stubborn, ignorant, etc
- Preposition of time : After, before, during, as long as, since, for, until, when, etc
- Preposition of place : On, in, under, in front of, between, beside, next to, behind, etc
- Preposition of movement : Inside, outside, into, onto, off, towards, up, down, etc
- Preposition of manner : By, in, like, on, without, with, etc
- Preposition of purpose : For
- Preposition of quantity / measure : For, by
Conjunctions are used to connect two words, phrases (phrases), clauses (clauses), or paragraphs (paragraphs).
- Coordinative conjunction (connecting two similar grammatical constructs)
Example : For, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
- Correlative conjunction (Works in pair)
Example : Both….and, not only…..but also, either….or, neither……nor, etc
- Subordinative conjunction
Example : After, while, because, if, wherever, whenever, though, as, etc
- Conjunctive conjunction (connecting two similar grammatical constructs)
Example : At last, however, beside, hence, then, etc
8. Interjection (A short utterance used to express emotions).
“Go away ! I feel so annoyed by you.”
“Argh. You make me mad !”
Author : Feraliza Widanti (SpeakOut LKP PalComTech Prabumulih)
What is the importance of speech in grammar? ›
Pronunciation affects fluency, but it does not ensure comprehension. Knowledge of meaning of words, sentence structure, and parts of speech have a great role to play in comprehension and writing. Most of the texts are written in active voice.Why is it important for students to learn parts of speech? ›
Parts of speech are essential to being able to use other grammar in a new language. Students will need to be able to identify and manipulate parts of speech in order to conjugate verbs. This is particularly important for verb agreement, which is a common problem for ESL learners.What is the most important part of speech in English? ›
The most important parts of speech are the BIG FOUR, and the verb is the king of these. Here they are, each with an example and its basic "job": verb (deliver - expresses action) noun (computer - expresses a thing)What is the most important part of speech and why? ›
Noun: Of all the parts of speech, nouns are perhaps the most important. A noun is a word that identifies a person, animal, place, thing, or idea.What is the important part of speech in a sentence? ›
Nouns and pronouns are important because they identify the subjects and objects of sentences. You cannot make a complete sentence without a subject.What is a speech in grammar? ›
There are eight parts of speech in the English language: noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection. The part of speech indicates how the word functions in meaning as well as grammatically within the sentence.What are the benefits of speech? ›
- Improve your research skills. ...
- Advance your career. ...
- Build your confidence. ...
- Strengthen your critical thinking skills. ...
- Exercise your deductive reasoning. ...
- Represent your organization. ...
- Improve your oral communication skills. ...
- Expand your network.
Using proper grammar is essential in spoken communications. Sentence structure and avoiding slang or colloquial expressions is especially important to be clearly understood.What is speech writing in grammar? ›
Speech writing is the method of conveying a thought or message to a reader using the correct punctuation and expression. Speech writing isn't much different from any other form of narrative writing. However, there are some different punctuation and writing structure techniques that students should understand.What is the importance of parts of speech in communication? ›
The part of speech to which a word belongs guides its use in a sentence and defines the correct word order and punctuation. Knowing the role that each word has in a sentence structure clearly helps to understand sentences and also to construct them properly.
What is the difference between speech and grammar? ›
The key difference between voice and speech in grammar is that the voice in grammar indicates whether a verb is active or passive while the speech in grammar indicates how we represent the speech of other people or ourselves.What is the most common purpose of a speech? ›
The general purpose of any speech will be either to Inform; Motivate/Persuade; or Entertain your audience. As soon as you know the general purpose of your speech you can develop your Specific Purpose Statement (What the speaker will accomplish).Why are parts speech so important in grammar usage and in the English language? ›
Theoretically, understanding the parts of speech in English grammar is very important because they have an important role to form a sentence so that it is coherent and in accordance with the grammar of the sentence.Which is more important speaking or grammar? ›
Grammar is the key to talking perfectly in any language, specifically in English. Grammar additionally provides the aiming of your sentences. It's extremely vital to use correct grammar in spoken English. Therefore, grammar is the most essential component of the English language.What are the 4 purposes of a speech? ›
The four basic types of speeches are: to inform, to instruct, to entertain, and to persuade. These are not mutually exclusive of one another. You may have several purposes in mind when giving your presentation.How can start speech in English? ›
Introduce these with a simple:
- Did you know…
- Have you thought about…
- This reminds me of a time when...
- Introduce yourself. ...
- Make a great opening statement. ...
- Structure your speech. ...
- Begin every paragraph with a topic sentence. ...
- Use very good English. ...
- Express your opinion. ...
- Write from the 1st person and engage your audience.